Medicine & Health
2 kwietnia 2021

Indica & Sativa: what are the differences? Here all the knowledge in a nutshell!

Indica or Sativa? Such terms are often heard when talking about cannabis, but do we really know what the differences are, how to characterize them? To begin with we have an initial division into Indica, Sativa and Ruderalis. In addition, we also have the Hybrid, where these varieties are combined with each other by crossing. In this article we'll focus on the photoperiodic varieties. Ruderalis varieties are left for another description.


1. Origin

The origin is not specified, but it is assumed that they come from Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. The dry, mountainous air there is suitable for a good growing performance.

2. Structure

Indica plants are quite short. They reach a height of around 50-150 cm, depending on the genes. The branches are close together with only small gaps. The plant can be said to have a stocky and compact build. The leaves are broad in terms of individual blades, but short.

3. Flowering

In this family the flowering time is shorter than in the Sativa family. This is due to the fact that in the climate they come from the favourable conditions end in the first half of October. Flowering time for Indica is 7-9 weeks. The flowers are compact, often like stones. Shorter than a Sativa but broader, more massive.

4. Effects on the body, effects

Cannabis Indica gives the so called Body High and with the Sativa is so called Mind High. This means that more Indica has a bodily effect, affects the whole body. Above all, there are many substances on a high level besides THC, namely CBD, CBN and CBG. It is generally believed that it should be used in the evening or at night. This is because it lowers your ability to concentrate, improves your senses.



1. Origin

The etymology of Cannabis Sativa is not so clear. It is generally believed to be native to eastern and southern Africa. However, there is also documented information that it appeared in North America in its southern part and in Mexico in Central America. It was mainly grown in areas where the strain was guaranteed to be warm and humid.

2. Structure

The way it is built is very distinctive, pictorial. Due to the fact that it has evolved under strong light conditions it has developed as a plant with leaves with narrow blades. It is tall, as it can reach from 150 to even 350 cm in height.

3. Flowering

The flowering period is longer than other types of Hemp. They thrive in warm climates, mainly equatorial and intertropical. These are zones where the climate and day length do not change much during the year. This makes it easy for them to mature and develop their distinctive flavour.

4. Effect on the body, action

The state that Sativa causes is what is known as a mental high. It is often said that it will be a state of elation, euphoria. An increase in alertness and response to external stimuli is emphasized. The point is that in this strain there is a higher concentration of those components that have a calming effect such as CBD, CBN, CBG, so it is more here mental stimulation than physical.

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