Medicine & Health
28 listopada 2018

What is scaling and sandblasting?

Both sandblasting and scaling of teeth are dental procedures that focus on getting rid of tartar, which is deposited in the vicinity of dental cervixes. Sandblasting is usually a complement to scaling. Both methods are considered to be an effective way to protect the oral cavity and prevent the growth of bacteria in it.

Tooth scaling gets rid of tartar, which appears in the cervical area. Stone can be formed both above and under the gums, which are extremely friendly for the development of bacteria. As a result of this state of affairs, the risk of gum disease, including diseases as dangerous as periodontosis, is increasing.

Scaling methods

We can distinguish two methods of scaling: supragingival and subgingival. The first one allows the removal of limescale from the surface of the crown and it is this type of treatment that we most often deal with. The second one is to get rid of tartar, which is located under the surface of gums. Sandblasting, on the other hand, is a dental procedure during which deposits, discolouration and plaque are eliminated. It is made with the use of a sand blasting machine - a special device which allows for directing the dental sand stream to the teeth.

Tartar itself can be seen relatively easily, as it appears in the form of dark colouring, for which the calcified coating of the dental plaque is responsible. Usually it consists not only of bacteria, but also carbohydrates and the latter are most often responsible for caries and gum disease. The main problem with tartar is its location, as it usually occurs in places where it is difficult to reach with a toothbrush. Storage sludge should be removed, because if we neglect it, it can lead both to loosening of teeth and to their falling out.

Tooth scaling

Dental plaque, in turn, is a viscous, brown deposit that sticks to the surface of the tooth. It is usually formed from food leftovers, although microorganisms and dead mucous membrane cells are also responsible for it. It can cause gum disease, as well as producing acid, which not only attacks the enamel, but also leads to carious defects. The toothbrush is not able to reach all places, so it is necessary to use sandblasting. Dental sand easily reaches even the fissures, which are difficult to access, and this makes it possible not only to get rid of deposits and discolorations, but also to contribute to reducing the risk of dental diseases, now and in the future.

Scaling application

Scaling is best suited for the removal of tartar in the dentist's surgery and can be used using at least several methods. The traditional method assumes the use of manual scaler, but nowadays it is being abandoned due to the lack of precision expected by us. The mechanical method, on the other hand, assumes the use of cutter drills that break off the stone, and the ultrasonic method provides for the use of ultrasonic scaler. Also popular is the sound method, laser or even chemical method, which involves covering the sludge with a solution of perhydrol, the purpose of which is to dissolve it.

Supragingival scaling is usually performed using ultrasounds today. The doctor applies the tip of the device to the place where the stone is located, and ultrasounds accompanied by water hit the dental deposit and contribute to its cracking. The last stage of such scaling is polishing teeth, so their surface is not only smoother, but also better than before the procedure protected against the appearance of dental plaque.

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